§164.526(d) Implementation specifications: Denying the amendment. If the covered entity denies the requested amendment, in whole or in part, the covered entity must comply with the following requirements.
(1) Denial . The covered entity must provide the individual with a timely, written denial, in accordance with paragraph (b)(2) of this section. The denial must use plain language and contain: (i) The basis for the denial, in accordance with paragraph (a)(2) of this section; (ii) The individual’s right to submit a written statement disagreeing with the denial and how the individual may file such a statement; (iii) A statement that, if the individual does not submit a statement of disagreement, the individual may request that the covered entity provide the individual’s request for amendment and the denial with any future disclosures of the protected health information that is the subject of the amendment; and (iv) A description of how the individual may complain to the covered entity pursuant to the complaint procedures established in § 164.530(d) or to the Secretary pursuant to the procedures established in § 160.306. The description must include the name, or title, and telephone number of the contact person or office designated in § 164.530(a)(1)(ii).
(2) Statement of disagreement. The covered entity must permit the individual to submit to the covered entity a written statement disagreeing with the denial of all or part of a requested amendment and the basis of such disagreement. The covered entity may reasonably limit the length of a statement of disagreement.
(3) Rebuttal statement. The covered entity may prepare a written rebuttal to the individual’s statement of disagreement. Whenever such a rebuttal is prepared, the covered entity must provide a copy to the individual who submitted the statement of disagreement.
(4) Recordkeeping. The covered entity must, as appropriate, identify the record or protected health information in the designated record set that is the subject of the disputed amendment and append or otherwise link the individual’s request for an amendment, the covered entity’s denial of the request, the individual’s statement of disagreement, if any, and the covered entity’s rebuttal, if any, to the designated record set.
(5) Future disclosure. (i) If a statement of disagreement has been submitted by the individual, the covered entity must include the material appended in accordance with paragraph (d)(4) of this section, or, at the election of the covered entity, an accurate summary of any such information, with any subsequent disclosure of the protected health information to which the disagreement relates. (ii) If the individual has not submitted a written statement of disagreement, the covered entity must include the individual’s request for amendment and its denial, or an accurate summary of such information, with any subsequent disclosure of the protected health information only if the individual has requested such action in accordance with paragraph (d)(1)(iii) of this section. (iii) When a subsequent disclosure described in paragraph (d)(5)(i) or (ii) of this section is made using a standard transaction under part 162 of this subchapter that does not permit the additional material to be included with the disclosure, the covered entity may separately transmit the material required by paragraph (d)(5)(i) or (ii) of this section, as applicable, to the recipient of the standard transaction.
Has the covered entity implemented policies and procedures regarding provision of denial consistent with the established performance criterion?
Obtain and review entity policies and procedures.
Obtain and review a sample of denied requests for consistency with the established performance criterion.
Areas of review include timeliness; content of written denial; inclusion of statement of disagreement; provision of rebuttal statements to the individual; record keeping; inclusion of denial records when source information is disclosed.